Classes of antibiotics : side effects of antibiotics : interactions
Classes of antibiotics include:  β-Lactam Penicillins.  Macrolides.  Cephalosporins.
 Quinolones.  Sulfonamides  Tetracyclines  Aminoglycosides.
Read more about classes and uses of antibiotics and side effects below
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Uses of Antibiotics : Side Effects and Herb-Drug Interactions
|Classes of Antibiotics and Their Uses|
Antibiotics are a subgroup of anti-infectives that are derived from bacterial sources and are used to
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Antibiotics Side Effects and Interactions
Most prescription drugs, including antibiotics may have side effects or
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Common Side Effects of Antibiotics
The most common side effects of antibiotics are diarrhoea, nausea and being sick. Also very common
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Antibiotic drugs interactions with vitamins, supplements and herbs
Classes of Antibiotics Include:
β-Lactam antibiotics: eg. penicillin, amoxicillin (Ampisyn, Wymox etc)
Cephalosporin antibiotics: eg. cephalexin (Keflex)
Tetracyclines: eg. tetracycline (Sumycin, Panmycin) doxycycline (Vibramycin)
Macrolide antibiotics: eg. erythromycin (E-Mycin, Biaxin, Zithromax)
Aminoglycosides: eg. garamycin, tobramycin (Tobrex)
Quinolones or Fluoroquinolones: eg. ciprofloxacin (Cipro), levofloxacin (Levaquin), ofloxacin (Floxin)
Sulfonamide antibiotics: eg. co-trimoxazole (Bactrim) trimethoprim (Proloprim)
penicillins are the oldest class of antibiotics:
They are subdivided into natural penicillins and extended spectrum penicillins, such as Ampicillin and
Amoxicillin which are effective against a wider range of bacteria. Read more about penicillins here
cephalosporins or "cepha" drugs are a diverse class of antibiotics, and are subdivided into
1st, 2nd and 3rd generations. Each subsequent generation having a broader spectrum of activity.
3rd generation drugs include cefotaxime, ceftizoxime and ceftriaxone.
Read more about cephalosporin antibiotics here
tetracyclines are derived from a species of Streptomyces bacteria and are broad-spectrum
bacteriostatic agents. Tetracyclines may be effective against a wide variety of microorganisms.
Read more about tetracyclines here
macrolides are also derived from Streptomyces bacteria, the first in this class: Erythromycin has a
similar spectrum and use to that of penicillin. Newer macrolides are azithromycin and clarithyromycin.
Read more about macrolide antibiotics here
aminoglycosides are often administered into veins or muscle to treat serious bacterial infections.
Some aminoglycosides are also used orally to treat intestinal infections or topically to treat eye infections.
Read more about aminoglycoside antibiotics here
quinolones, including fluoroquinolones, are used to treat a broad spectrum of bacterial infections,
each drug within the class kills specific bacteria. Read more about quinolone antibiotics here
sulfonamides are used to treat a wide range of bacterial infections and are available in oral forms,
as well as in vaginal and ophthalmic (eye) preparations that are applied to specific areas.
Read more about sulfonamides here